ovulation pain is usually not a serious medical problem and does not signal any disorders involving a woman's reproductive organs. But this is not…
This article is focused on giving you answers to various questions many women have related to ovulation pain. What is ovulation pain? What causes discomfort during ovulation? What are the signs of soreness during ovulation? Why is there sometimes ovulation pain following ovulation?
Ovulation pain is a form of pain in the ovaries which occurs in about 1 out of every 5 in their childbearing years. Frequently, discomfort during ovulation happens about two weeks before the menstrual cycle, when one of the ovaries releases an ovum or egg. Intensity of pain during ovulation varies from woman to another. Some women feel mild discomfort, others experience acute pain and cramping. Soreness during ovulation can last for a few minutes or a few days. Another name for ovary pain during ovulation is Mittelschmerz, which means “mid pain” in German.
Ovary pain from ovulation can be a symptom of an underlying gynecological disorder, but this is generally not the case. Nevertheless, severe, prolonged ovary pain from ovulation (more than a few days) or heavy bleeding is definitely worth discussing with your doctor.
Why do some women have painful ovulation? The exact cause of aching during ovulation is currently unknown, but medical scientists have made some educated guesses.
The most likely options center on ovarian follicles, the sac-like structures in which eggs develop. One theory is that during ovulation, the follicle bursts open, releasing the egg into the fallopian tube. It is possible that the expanding follicle stretches the membrane of the ovaries, which causes ovulation pain.
Another theory suggests that when the ovum matures, it bursts from the follicle, causing minor internal bleeding. This bleeding may irritate the lining of the uterus, causing painful ovulation.
Again, painful ovulation is quite common and in most cases is not a symptom any underlying illness. But sometimes it can be an indication of a problem in the making. Here are some possibilities.
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease – Many women known pelvic inflammatory disease simply bu its initials – PID. It occurs when there is inflammation in a woman’s reproductive system. Frequently, it’s a complication of disorders like gonorrhea and chlamydia.
Ectopic pregnancy – This happens when a fertilized eggs starts developing in a fallopian tube or somewhere else outside the uterus. It causes cramping, abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. It is a dangerous situation and requires professional medical attention.
Endometriosis – Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium, or lining of the uterus grows elsewhere outside the uterus. Typical symptoms of endometriosis include pain during intimacy and menstrual discomfort.
A cyst on the ovary – these are sacs that fill up with fluid and are located on an ovary or ovaries. Usually, an ovary cyst is not dangerous, but this is not universally true.
Salpingitis – This condition is usually the result of an infection that triggers inflammation in the fallopian tubes. Tubal inflammation accounts for roughly one in every six hospital admissions related to female reproductive problems.
Why is there sometimes post ovulation pain? Pain after ovulation may be caused by a small amount of blood that seeps from the ovary during ovulation. This leakage can cause irritation. The seriousness of this variety of pain following ovulation depends on how much leakage there has been and several other variables. Other problems related to the reproductive system, such as fibroids or PCOS can also cause pain after ovulation. You should discuss these topics with a health care provider.
Remember that the discomfort from an inflamed appendix is can be mistaken for ovulation pain. If your pain is constant and worsening on the right side of the abdomen, with nausea and vomiting, obtain medical attention quickly.
There are other diseases and conditions that can cause discomfort similar to ovulation pain too. These are mostly gastrointestinal problems, such as a perforated ulcer, gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
Again, ovulation pain is generally not dangerous and is transient, although it can be especially painful for some women as long as it lasts. It is important to know when mid-cycle pain can be a sign of something more serious. As with most illnesses and diseases, diagnosing a problem early increases the likelihood of a happy result.