What You Need To Know About Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is not an actual disease but it is a spinal condition caused by damaged inter-vertebral discs. It can be treated using advanced n…

Degenerative disc disease is not an actual disease but it is a spinal condition caused by damaged inter-vertebral discs. It can be treated using advanced non-surgical procedures such as physical therapy, chiropractic treatment, spinal decompression, and more.

It is related to the normal process of the aging of the spine and commonly affects old people. This condition is also seen in young people due to specific factors that put stress on the spine. This causes continual pain in lower back, neck, legs, or arms when engaging in activity. The condition becomes severe when pain makes it difficult for the affected person to carry on their daily activities.

While surgery was the only option at one time, it is now recommended as a last resort. Professional multi-specialty healthcare centers offer various non-surgical options for the treatment of disc degeneration.

Causes and Symptoms

Aging, back injury, prolonged overexertion, obesity and genetic factors can affect the elasticity, flexibility, and shock-absorbing capacity of the inter-vertebral discs causing disc degeneration Symptoms may vary with patients depending on whether the lower spine or cervical spine is affected. Some of the most common symptoms of degenerative disc disease are

  • Severe back pain during activity
  • Muscle spasms
  • Irritation and inflammation
  • Difficulty in bending, lifting and twisting
  • Tingling or numbness in legs and buttocks
  • Difficulty in walking

Effective Treatment Methods

If you experience muscle spasms, pain with lifting, bending, and twisting and difficulty in walking, it is ideal to seek out a specialist immediately.

The first step in the treatment is the proper evaluation of the true cause of the pain. At a professional healthcare center, physicians would thoroughly examine the patient’s medical history and use diagnostic modalities such as X-rays and MRI scans to effectively diagnose the condition. This allows them to create a personalized treatment

program which may include the following:

  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy exercises help strengthen and mobilize the muscles, increase flexibility, reduce pain, and improve functionality. Heat or ice therapy may be employed to decrease muscle spasm and inflammation. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and massage are components of the treatment.
  • Spinal decompression: This innovative treatment is administered using an FDA-approved spinal decompression machine. It works to repair the damaged spinal discs, reducing loading of the spine and reversing nerve impairment.
  • Chiropractic manipulation: This rehabilitative therapy works on the basis of sound scientific principles with techniques that are without side effects. It uses a ‘hands-on’ treatment technique to restore the proper function of the spine.
  • Medication: Pain relief medication is also provided and would include muscle relaxants, analgesics, anti-inflammatory medication, and steroid injections.