Ebola Virus

Ebola the deadliest disease that is spreading in West Africa is caused by Ebola virus. The symptoms can be seen between two to three weeks after being infe…

Ebola the deadliest disease that is spreading in West Africa is caused by Ebola virus. The symptoms can be seen between two to three weeks after being infected.Types of bleeding known to occur with Ebola virus disease include vomiting blood, coughing it up or blood in the stool.The death will be in the form of organ failure or low blood pressure which is caused by extreme loss of fluids.

Ebola has still been in research and there are no medicines or treatments found to cure it. The disease is spreading only through infected animals. Commonly monkeys and fruit bats are said to be spreading this disease.Bats are said to be the natural reservoirs of Ebola virus. Spreading through air has not yet been confirmed.

The preventive measures include checking animals for infection, killing them and properly disposing the dead. Dead bodies can still cause infection so it is vital to dispose them in a safer manner apart from following the rituals to burry.Vaccination is a cheap and effective way of preventing viral infections. Now a day’s vaccination has not been regularly applied to people, which lead to the several deadly diseases in poor countries.

The symptoms include the following:

ü  Sudden fever, headache

ü  Muscle pain

ü  Sore throat

ü  Intense weakness

ü  Chest pain, hiccups

ü  Internal & external bleeding

The transmission may occur through contact with infected animal’s fluids. The transmission can take place through direct contact with the blood or body fluids from an infected person or bycontaminated medical equipment, particularly needles and syringes. As the virus spreads through the body it damages the immune system. The  level of blood clotting cells drop.

The health care persons are the individuals who are in the verge of getting infected. Medical workers should therefore wear appropriate protective clothing to keep them on the safer side.The consumption of bat in any form by West African peoples is also another reason for the infection. People must be properly educatedto reduce the rate of spreading.

Those who treat the patients should wear gloves and protective equipment, such as masks, and wash their hands regularly.Fighting the fear of Ebola

is one of the greatest challenges health workers face.The patients who are infected must keep themselves and seek the help of doctors. Antibiotics are being given to fight against the infection, alsoconsumption of intravenous fluids to stop dehydration.